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Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project

The objective of the project is to examine the existing geomorphic and habitat conditions of the Wilket Creek Tributary of the Don Watershed, for the purpose of developing a long-term plan for the rehabilitation of the watercourse, while focusing on enhancing the ecological integrity of the system in an economical and sustainable manner, in accordance with the Municipal Class Environmental Assessment Process.

2015-04-21 Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project - Status Update 


Geomorphic Systems Master Plan


The Project

Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA), on behalf of the City of Toronto, has initiated a study to assess the geomorphic systems and habitat of the Wilket Creek subwatershed in developing a long-term strategy to address ongoing hazards to municipal lands and infrastructure within Wilket Creek Park as a result of stream erosion.

In accordance with the Environmental Assessment Act, the proposed undertaking is being completed under a Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (Class EA); the prescribed process for projects of this nature. A Master Plan for the water course will be developed thought the Class EA process that will provide recommendations for the long-term stabilization of Wilket Creek.

In addition to the completion of the Class EA, emergency works within Wilket Creek Park are being undertaken as the result of the determination during the initial field investigations that three (3) priority areas were identified within Wilket Creek Park as requiring urgent repairs where erosion has exposed the existing sanitary sewer. Emergency repairs are proposed to be carried out over the next several months at these priority areas, to ensure the protection of municipal infrastructure while the overall strategy is being developed.

The Project Background 

The Wilket Creek tributary of the East Don River was one of the watercourses that suffered a significant amount of damage as a result of the August 19, 2005 storm event.  The City of Toronto subsequently retained TRCA in 2007 to manage, design and implement large-scale restoration works within Edwards Gardens, and 10 repair projects focused on infrastructure protection and public safety within Wilket Creek Park, to return the park system to a state of good repair.

Shortly following completion of the aforementioned restoration work, another severe storm event hit the Toronto area on June 23, 2008, damaging three of the sites in Wilket Creek Park recently repaired by TRCA. It was evident by this point that a comprehensive study and rehabilitation plan was required to provide long-term protection for municipal infrastructure and public safety within Wilket Creek Park.

In 2009, Toronto Parks, Forestry & Recreation (PF&R) and Toronto Water identified multi-year funding commencing in 2010 for the "Wilket Creek Channel within Wilket Creek Park Rehabilitation Study and Geomorphic Systems and Habitat Study" (the Project) requesting TRCA's assistance to manage the Project on their behalf, including the implementation of any works recommended.

Following an initial assessment by Parish Geomorphic, the consulting firm retained by TRCA to assist with the study and design components of the Project, three areas within Wilket Creek Park were identified as requiring immediate attention due to the risk to municipal infrastructure and/or public safety. These sites are collectively referred to as Site 3, Site 6 and Site 7 by TRCA and the City of Toronto.

Given the anticipated length of time required to complete the study phase, the repair of Sites 3, 6 and 7 were recommended to be expedited for repair as emergency works, with the understanding that the designs for these sites will be in alignment with the overall strategy for Wilket Creek within Wilket Creek Park. TRCA retained Parish Geomorphic Ltd. to draft a design that will address the deficiencies at these locations. In light of the exposed sanitary sewer, Site 6 and Site 7 were addressed first and completed in May of 2012.   

Site 3 will be completed in 2 phases.  Phase 1 will include all channel works upstream of and including the replacement of the bridge crossing, while Phase 2 will include the sanitary sewer protection and associated channel works downstream.

Planning Mechanism for the Undertaking

The project is following the planning and design process prescribed in the Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (Class EA) for Schedule "B" projects, with the intent of developing a Master Plan for long-term remediation of the entire watercourse.

The Class EA requirements for the development of a Master Plan are as follows:

Phase 1: Definition of the Problem;

Phase 2: Identification and Assessment of Alternative Solutions;

These phases will identify any potential negative and positive effects with the implementation of the project. TRCA will document the decision making process and the value judgments made in selecting the alternative solutions, and will develop a detailed Project Folder upon completion of the study. The Project Folder will be available for review upon request by all interested parties.

The Notice of Study Commencement is available below, and was published in the North York Mirror on June 23, 2011 and June 24, 2011 to inform the local community of the commencement of the Wilket Creek Channel (within Wilket Creek Park) Rehabilitation Study to Address Erosion Hazards Threatening Infrastructure and Geomorphic Systems and Habitat Study, and to advise the public of the mechanisms by which they can participate in the project.

Public and Agency Consultation

The Municipal Class EA process provides that all views be taken into consideration during the planning and design phases of the project. In addition to the development of a comprehensive project contact list comprised of concerned citizens, local interest groups, government agencies and and non-governmental organizations who will receive project information and provide comment as the project progresses, Public Information Centres (Open Houses) will be held to provide detailed information regarding the study, obtain feedback on the evaluation of alternative options and the development of long-term remedial measures, and address any concerns raised regarding the proposed works, and recommended long-term solutions prior to finalizing the study.

If you would like more information about the study, or would like to be added to the Contact List to receive information as the investigation progresses, including notification of Public Information Centres, please contact:

Patricia Newland
Project Manager, Environmental Engineering Projects
Tel: (416) 392-9690


Notice of Study Commencement and PIC pdf

Wilket Creek Rehabilitation Project Information Package 1 pdf

Notice of Construction- Emergency Works Phase I pdf

Notice of Construction- Emergency Works Phase II pdf

2012-03-23 Construction Progress Update  pdf

2013-12-04 Notice Of Pub Meeting - N York Mirror pdf

Notice of Study Completion pdf


Master Plan

Executive Summary pdf

Table of Contents pdf

Study Report pdf

Appendix A pdf

Appendix B pdf

Appendix C pdf

Appendix D pdf

Appendix E pdf

Appendix F pdf

Appendix G & H pdf


Project Updates

2012-05-18 Project Update:

Emergency Works Phase II is now complete. The Bata Trail connection from Edwards Gardens to Sunnybrook Park is open to the public effective May 18, 2012.

2012-11-19 Project Update:

TRCA is preparing to begin construction of Phase III of the emergency works within Wilket Creek Park.

Phase 3 will focus efforts on the rehabilitation of the Site 3 location, as identified by TRCA and PF&R during the completion of the August 19, 2005 Storm Damage Project. 

The project site is located approximately 400 metres upstream of the washroom buildings and approximately 600 metres downstream of the completed Phase I & II works. This project will be split into two parts with the second portion immediately following the first. The second part of the work will be described in greater detail in a future update. It will be a continuation further downstream from the the first portion.

Project location map

This site features a 9 metre steel frame bridge with a wooden deck and railings that are in a serious state of disrepair. Rehabilitation of this site has been triggered, in part, due to the low elevation of the current bridge. This allows fallen trees and debris to accumulate easily on the structure threatening the stability of the area.

 Fallen trees and debris accumulating on upstream side of bridge

Upstream of the bridge, the watercourse has migrated towards the valley wall on the right bank and has eroded it to a nearly vertical angle. The length of this eroded section is approximately 40 metres, and there are trees being undercut by the erosion that are leaning and at risk of falling into the creek.

 Eroding valley wall upstream of bridge

In general, this phase of work involves:

  • Moving the channel away from the eroding valley wall (as seen above);
  • Widening the channel to reduce erosion;
  • Creating a riffle and pool system to improve habitat;
  • Installing a new 30 m long freespan bridge to provide safe pedestrian access across the watercourse, and to alleviate the debris jams; and
  • Installing protection for the sanitary sewer that crosses the river downstream of the bridge.

During construction there may be interruptions in the trail access through this site. The map below illustrates the proposed construction access route, and construction area. 

TRCA will take all precautions necessary to protect public safety by closing trail access during key periods, but will also attempt to minimize disruptions to trail access ass much as possible. 

During trail closure periods, park users are asked to bypass the area, via Leslie Street.

Detailed project site map

2012-12-05 Construction Update:

TRCA staff have installed perimeter fencing around the site and have started to remove trees. This is necessary to access the watercourse to implement the design and install the new bridge. There will be three (3) new trees planted as compensation for every tree removed.

Tree removals and excavator

2012-12-17 Construction Update:

The dewatering system has been installed, and water is now being diverted around the work area. Staff are currently excavating the banks and placing stone by the existing bridge to construct the downstream riffle. Once the riffle is completed, the temporary construction crossing will be set up to allow for machinery access on both banks.

Excavator placing rip rap for riffle

2013-01-14 Construction Update:

The downstream riffle has been completed, and the temporary bridge has been installed. Staff are currently in the process of constructing the vegetated buttress that will protect the large erosion scar, as seen in the photograph below.

Temporary construction crossing and vegetated rip rap

2013-01-21 Construction Update:

Staff are continuing to place stone and plant materials for the vegetated buttress upstream of the bridge. Bank excavation, shown below, for the upstream riffle has also commenced to provide backfill material for the buttress.

Bank being excavated for vegetated stone

2013-01-28 Construction Update:

Staff are working on the upstream riffle and continuing to work on the vegetated buttress. Willow canes are being planted in between the stone rows as shown in the photo below.

Newly planted stakes and excavator

2013-02-06 Construction Update:

The upstream riffle, vegetated buttress, and the pool have all been completed. The picture below shows the snow-covered buttress on the left side, and the newly excavated pool can be seen in the middle of the image by the frozen water. The upstream riffle that was shown on 2013-01-21 has also been finished. Staff will be performing some minor work to finish the downstream riffle and stabilize the bank opposite to the buttress (where staff are standing in the image). Construction of the new bridge is tentatively set to begin around the end of this month.

Completed vegetated buttress and pool

2013-02-14 Construction Update:

Following completion of the majority of the channel work, staff are begining work on the bridge replacement. As a result, there will be intermittent trail closures in effect for the next 6 to 8 weeks during work hours. During this time, trail users will be unable to cross through the area and will be redirected to Leslie Street.

Deteriorating bridge

2013-03-01 Construction Update:

TRCA staff have completed the remainder of the in-water work (see picture below) and have removed the dewatering system. Installation of the new bridge is scheduled to begin within the next two weeks. As a result, there will be intermittent and full trail closures in effect for the next 4 to 6 weeks. The website will be updated once the bridge construction schedule is confirmed.

Completed channel works

2013-04-08 Construction Update:

Construction of the new bridge began last week and is expected to be completed by the end of the month. The temporary bridge is still in place to provide public access over the creek, with intermittent closures when equipment and materials require access of this area to complete the remaining works.

Final site restoration activities are also underway, with staff installing straw matting and re-seeding along exposed ground areas, and completing general site clean up work. 

Temporary bridge and downstream riffle

2013-05-02 Construction Update:

TRCA's contractors dropped the new bridge into place on April 26th (see photo below). They then began, and almost completed, installation of the concrete panels for the bridge deck. The contractors are now creating the pathway that follows the new bridge alignment. As they finish this process, they will be removing the temporary construction bridge, and this is expected to be completed within the next week.

Bridge being dropped in place

2013-05-14 Construction Update:

TRCA's contractors have completed their work. The new bridge is now in place and straw matting, as seen beside the path below, has been installed to reduce the runoff of dirt.Also, shrubs and grass seed have been planted in various areas around the site.

Bridge and trail

2014-01-08 Project Update:

TRCA held the latest PIC meeting on December 18th 2013 at the Banbury Community Centre. Please refer to the documents portion of this page to download information presented. 

2014-05-58 Project Update:

TRCA will be hosting a Public Information Centre on June 5, 2014 at the Sunnybrook Park Pavillion at 1132 Leslie Street from 7:00 - 9:00 PM. There will be a brief presentation, followed by an Open House where interested parties can view information and discuss the project with the project team.

Notice Of Public Meetingpdf

2015-02-26 Project Update:

Please be advised that TRCA and the City of Toronto are initiating the fourth phase of Emergency works within Wilket Creek Park. Phase four will take place at Site 3 Phase II and Site 2, located just upstream of the public washrooms.

The scope of work includes sanitary sewer protection, minor channel realignment to move the watercourse away from the valley wall and public walking paths, widening of the watercourse, and stream bank and bed stabilization and habitat enhancement. The work is tentatively scheduled to take place between late winter 2015 and early fall of 2015. 

Early phases of construction have begun and include tree protection barriers, site setup, a temporary access bridge and erosion and sediment control measures. Regretfully, a large nuber of trees will be removed to allow for construction access following site setup. While the removal of trees is undesirable indeed, we use it as an opportunity to improve forest health through the removal of competing invasive and non-native species and increase biodiversity by re-introducing a wide variety of native species that once thrived in this region. 

Bird's eye view of Site 3 Phase II















2015-04-21 Project Update:

Construction is well underway; site set up is completed, and tree removals are almost finished.  The next component of the works will be the encasement of the exposed sanitary crossing at the upstream end of the site, followed by the excavation of the new channel, installation of in-stream grade control structures, valley wall buttresses, and plantings.  This will all be followed by final site restoration.

Works are still on track to be completed in the Fall of 2015.

A map illustrating alternative trails around the work zone has been added for your reference.  Please be mindful that construction sites are not safe for the public to access.

We appreciate the ongoing patience and cooperation that TRCA has received from parks users during this time of disruption.

Bypassing construction at Site 3 Phase II & Site 2